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Ingredients - Glossary



EnglishHindiTamilDescriptionVisual

AsafoetidaHingPerungayamDried gum resin from the root of various Iranian and East Indian
plants. Has a strong fetid odor – definitely an acquired taste.
hingimagecopyrighted4
Bay leafTeipattaElaiThey are used in curries and also to neutralize strong odors in cooking.
5Bay leaf
BesanBesanKadala maavuFlour of dried chickpeas.
besan-1b
CardamomElachiElakkaDried fruit of a plant. Mostly the seeds are used. Seeds of 4 pods
measure approximately 1/4 tsp.
cardamom
CorianderDhaniaMalliAromatic herb of the parsley family. Sold as cilantro or Chinese
parsley. Also sold as seed or dry powder.
coriander_fresh
CinnamonDaalChiniPattaiTypically used whole in Indian cooking, it can be bought as sticks in most stores.
cinnamon
CloveLaungKrambhuLike cinnamon, this spice is also typically used whole in Indian cooking.
Cloves
CuminJeeraJeerakamVery aromatic and reminiscent. Sold whole or ground.
Cumin_Seeds
Fennel SeedSaunfSombuHas an agreeable odor and licorice flavor. Available whole or
ground.
Fennel-Seeds
FenugreekMethiVenthayamHas a pleasant bitter flavor and sweetish odor.
Fenugreek Seeds
GarlicLessanPoonduA standard ingredient in most curries, it is usually used in paste form and with ginger.
garlic430x300b
GingerAdrakInjiIt is a vital ingredient in most Indian dishes. Ginger is usually used in paste form in curries and as juliennes to garnish.
ginger2
Gingelley/ SesameTilElluIt has a strong nutty flavor and is used more as a seasoning than cooking oil.
Hulled_Sesame_Seeds
Green Gram (Whole)MoongPasi payarPart of Dals
Green gram1whole.jog
Green Gram (Split)Moong dalPayatham parupuPart of Dals
moong-dal
LentilMasur dalMasore paruppuPart of Dals
lentil
MaceJavithtriJathipatriThe flavor is similar to that of nutmeg, with a hint of pepper and a more subtle note.
mace-spice_~056461
NutmegJaiphalJathikaiThe nutmeg seed is encased in a mottled yellow, edible fruit, the approximate size and shape of a small peach. usually associated with sweet, spicy dishes
nutmeg-new-netherland-3
OreganoAjwainOmumThis is used largely for its digestive properties and can be bought in seed form.
oregano
PepperKali MirchiMelaguMost often used whole. If required in its powdered form, pepper tastes best when freshly ground.
pepper.jog
TamarindImliPuliThis fruit is used to add sourness to a dish, it can be used in place of or replaced by lime juice.tamarind
TurmericHaldiManjalMainly used for yellow colour in Indian food. It is most commonly available as a fine powder. Turmeric has amazing antiseptic qualities.Gelbwurz / Curry
SemolinaSoojiRavaIt is coarse durum wheat which is used for breakfast items.Duram Semolina flour


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